September 29, 2022


Skillful Business Crafters

Does Your Business Need a Human Rights Strategy?

1.H&M Stores Shut by Chinese Landlords as Xinjiang Fallout Grows,” Bloomberg, March 29, 2021,; and S. Ray, “China Accuses Nike, H&M and Others of Selling Goods That Could Be ‘Harmful to Children’ Months After Xinjiang Cotton Backlash,” Forbes, June 3, 2021,

2. S. Woo, “H&M Pays Price of Upsetting Beijing as China Sales Drop,” The Wall Street Journal, July 1, 2021,

3.H&M: Fashion Giant Sees China Sales Slump After Xinjiang Boycott,” BBC, July 2, 2021,

4. G. Arbuthnott, D. Collins, and J. Calvert, “Britain’s Biggest Trafficking Gang Used Slaves to Supply Top Supermarkets,” The Sunday Times, July 7, 2019,

5. K. Steiner-Dicks, “‘We Know Most Global Companies Have Modern Slavery in Their Supply Chains,’” Reuters, Aug. 6, 2019,; A. Crane, “Modern Slavery as a Management Practice: Exploring the Conditions and Capabilities for Human Exploitation,” Academy of Management Review 38, no. 1 (January 2013): 49-69; and A. Crane, G. LeBaron, K. Phung, et al., “Confronting the Business Models of Modern Slavery,” Journal of Management Inquiry, Feb. 25, 2021.

6.Caterpillar Group Boycotted for Selling Bulldozers to Israel,” New Zealand Herald, April 15, 2005,

7.EU Companies Selling Surveillance Tools to China’s Human Rights Abusers,” Amnesty International, Sept. 21, 2020,

8. A. Navalny, “Labs Found Novichok in and on My Body, Says Alexei Navalny,” The Guardian, Sept. 22, 2020,; “Action Brief: ‘The Report’ and CIA Torture,” PDF file (New York: Amnesty International, 2017),; L. Millar, “Australia’s Asylum Seeker Policies Heavily Criticised at UN Human Rights Council Review,” ABC, Nov. 10, 2015,; and N. Gaouette and J. Herb, “US Intelligence Report Finds Saudi Crown Prince Responsible for Approving Operation That Killed Khashoggi,” CNN, Feb. 26, 2021,

9. I. MacDougall, “How McKinsey Helped the Trump Administration Carry Out Its Immigration Policies,” The New York Times, Dec. 4, 2019,

10. M. Posner, “How McKinsey & Co. Fails as a Global Leader,” Forbes, Dec. 18, 2018,

11. F. Wettstein, “CSR and the Debate on Business and Human Rights: Bridging the Great Divide,” Business Ethics Quarterly 22, no. 4 (October 2012): 739-770.

12. T.M. Jones, “Ethical Decision-Making by Individuals in Organizations: An Issue-Contingent Model,” The Academy of Management Review 16, no. 2 (April 1991): 366-395.

13. J.J. Kish-Gephart, D.A. Harrison, and L.K. Trevino, “Bad Apples, Bad Cases, and Bad Barrels: Meta-Analytic Evidence About Sources of Unethical Decisions at Work,” Journal of Applied Psychology 95, no. 1 (January 2010): 1-31.

14. K. Hodal, C. Kelly, and F. Lawrence, “Revealed: Asian Slave Labour Producing Prawns for Supermarkets in US, UK,” The Guardian, June 10, 2014,

15. B. Palmstrom, “Forced to Fish: Slavery on Thailand’s Trawlers,” BBC, Jan. 23, 2014,

16.The Ogoni Issue,” Shell Nigeria, accessed Oct. 1, 2021,

17. P. Lewis, “Blood and Oil: A Special Report; After Nigeria Represses, Shell Defends Its Record,” The New York Times, Feb. 13, 1996,

18. E. Pilkington, “Shell Pays Out $15.5M Over Saro-Wiwa Killing,” The Guardian, June 9, 2009,

19. N. Wongsamuth, “Titans of Thai Fishing Collaborate to Tackle Slavery,” Reuters, Oct. 10, 2019,

20. A.O. Hirschman, “Exit, Voice, and Loyalty” (Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1970).

21. N. Craig Smith, “Morality and the Market: Consumer Pressure for Corporate Accountability” (London: Routledge, 2014).

22. C.J. Levy, “Microsoft Changes Policy Over Russian Crackdown,” The New York Times, Sept. 13, 2010,

23. F. Hossain, “Search Ends in Bangladesh; Death Toll Put at 1,127,” Associated Press, May 13, 2013,

24. T. Webb, “Essay: Governance and Institutions — Big Brands’ Capacity-Building Success,” Reuters, June 16, 2008,

25. “Launch of the Fair Cobalt Alliance,” Fairphone, Aug. 24, 2020,

26. C. Cloutier, “Limburg-Based Company Does Not Supply Grass to Qatar: ‘Sometimes You Have to Make a Decision on Ethical Grounds,’” Netherlands News Live, March 10, 2021,